Position: Consultancy to develop a knowledge paper on situation of children affected by migration to inform the Inter-ministerial TWG to develop the MoU on the Cross Border Collaboration to Protection Children Affected by Migration between Cambodia and Thailand (Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation)__Deadline:25-July

I. BACKGROUND
Two out of five international child migrants were in Asia, more than any other region in  the  world.  While migration can benefit children and their families, it can also place children in situations of risk. This is particularly the case where children are moving outside of safe and legal pathways, thus, being vulnerable to exploitation by smugglers and traffickers. These migrating children are feared to be denied  access  to  basic services and to legal recognition by host government; and where children’s right are violated in the context of repressive responses to immigration control. Children left behind by migrating parents may also find themselves in circumstances of inadequate care and protection. Children outside of their country of origin are too frequently excluded from national child protection systems as these systems are struggling to be relevant to the growing scale of migration on the continent.

Cambodia is a country that is home to various groups of children affected by migration – internally and cross border— as  children’s  families  and children themselves search for better economic  opportunities. From  other parts of Cambodia, children who attempt irregular cross border migration (alone or with families) often become victims of trafficking or undertake such journeys facing protection risks related to their status as migrants.

As of October 2024, there are around 500,876 registered  Cambodia  migrant  workers  in  Thailand.  There  is limited data available on Cambodia children who followed their parents or crossed the border alone. However, from the report of Damnok Toek, a Cambodia non-profit organization, which ran the Drop-In-Center at Thai‐ Cambodian border in Poipet, it was reported that in 2018, there were 3,042 children returned, while in 2017, there were 6,376 children returned, and among those, about 140 children who crossed borders were unaccompanied. In February 2023, Thailand reports that there are 271 registered dependent children of Cambodia  migrant  workers.

Related to children affected by migration, two relevant regulations have been endorsed by both countries, these are namely the Memorandum of Understanding Between the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Bilateral Cooperation for Eliminating Trafficking in Persons and Protecting Victims of Trafficking superseded on 31 May 2013 and The Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Case Management of Repatriation and Reintegration of Victims of Trafficking in Persons signed in April 2019. In addition, a Border Issues Group for Children (BIGC) mechanism was established between the two countries to further support the coordination on cross-border trafficking cases. However, there has not been any cross- border legislation framework formulated to protect children affected by migration.

There are also notable challenges in the protection and support to children left behind in communities by their parents/ caregiver migrants. For instance, most continue to live in poverty despite the majority of children remaining behind while parents migrate to earn money to support the family. Children remaining behind often are forced to engage in child labour to provide financial support to families. The Ministry of Social Affairs, Veteran, and Youth Rehabilitation (MoSVY) recently launched the SOP on child protection (CP-SOP) which included children affected by migration or who are on the move.

The  UNICEF  background  research  about children in the context of migration in ASEAN member states- Cambodiacasestudy, found that the migration of parents resulted in their children remaining behind to face a number of challenges and are vulnerable to a range of protection risks. The study provided recommendations to MoSVY to protect children on the move including strengthening of the case management processes and ensuring that a comprehensive range of services are available at the local level to meet the needs of children affected by migration. Other recommendations included incorporating children remaining behind to be categorized as  a distinct group, and therefore a unique data set, within the Primero (child protection case management) system of MoSVY; and strengthening the  availability  of  targeted  or  customized  services  (including preventative  services) to children remaining behind and their families1In the context of increased complexity regarding protection concerns for children affected by migration, especially in the cross-border context, there is a strong and urgent need for the Government of Cambodia to strengthen case management processes and broaden the scope of cross-border collaboration with the Government of Thailand. The cooperation of the two countries will ensure more success in combating trafficking in women and children to cover other categories of children affected by migration such as returned child migrant and children remaining left behind in communities.

There is also a recognized need to understand further the repatriation process of Thailand  for  Cambodian children who are sent back from Thailand. It is important to also understand the current experience of children who are being repatriated to assess whether the repatriation protocol of Thailand complements the reception on the Cambodia side.

In this regard, it is important for both Governments to embark on a series of bilateral dialogues at central and local level to revisit and redefine the scope of cross-border collaboration for the protection of children affected by migration and adopt further action to provide better support for the children. Therefore, the proposed evidence-generation activity this  TOR covers aim to support  the formulation  of an official cross-border collaboration framework on children affected by migration and on the move to ensure that  MoSVY  have concrete evident which will contribute to the development, implementation and monitoring of an MoU between both countries aimed at ensuring the protection of those children at the destination and those who remained in the communities. MoSVY needs a knowledge paper to inform the drafting of the MoU which shall facilitate and support the cross border collaboration of the two countries to ensure protection of children on the move. This project is fund by EU through UNICEF, under Protection of the Rights of Women and Children  in  Labour Migration   project   (PROTECT   Project).

II. SCOPE
The overall scope of this consultancy is to develop a knowledge paper on the experiences of children on the move in Cambodia focusing on the cross-border movements with Thailand. The paper will inform the ongoing efforts of the TWG on Cross Border Collaboration between the two countries to protect children on the move.

III.    OBJECTIVES OF THE CONSULTANCY
The study methodology should elicit the following requirements:
  • Understand the experience for Cambodian children in Thailand, in cross-border situations including their crossing of borders and access to services in both sides, and how these experiences are driven
  • by existing policy framework, processes and mechanisms in Thailand and Cambodia.
  • Provide overview of how the Primero case management process, and Cambodia Child Protection
  • system/ SOPs, including specific mechanisms and practices, are currently defining the repatriation or deportation process and whether these processes are addressing the best interests and needs of children in these cross-border situations.
  • Provide  recommendations  for  child  protection  measures  (protective  /  protection  /  repatriation  & reintegration) that should be adopted in the cross-border cooperation, including in the development of the MoU and SOP that are in line with international child rights standards.
  • Provide recommendations on  key actions to strengthen the existing Primero  case  management to include  different  categories  of  children  affected  by  migration  and  improve  SOPs  and  its implementation to better support the repatriation of children from Thailand and those children who remain or are left behind in communities.

IV.    SPECIFIC TASKS
Under  the  supervision  of  the  Director  of  Child  Protection  Department  and  UNICEF,  the  consultant  will undertake the following tasks:
  • Submit an inception report to be approved by MoSVY and UNICEF, proposing a methodology that will include (but not limited to):
  • A review of the regulatory framework for and actual practice applied to children on the move in Cambodia  and  Thailand
  • A review of existing research papers and studies
  • A mapping and analysis of relevant stakeholders in Cambodia and Thailand, including policy makers.
Conduct a field data collection (including key informant interviews, focus group discussions as required)

Develop a knowledge paper addressing the noted objectives of this TOR.   This includes a recommendation of  key actions to strengthen the existing Primero case management to include different categories of children affected by migration or on the move and improve SOPs and its implementation to better support the repatriation of children from Thailand and those children who remain or are left behind in communities. To be assessed is whether in all of these processes, the best interest of the child is of primary consideration.

Organize consultative workshops and a final validation workshop to collect inputs for the knowledge paper Develop  Final  knowledge  paper.

V.    DELIVERABLES AND TIMEFRAME
The  consultancy  is  expected  to  be  completed  their  job  in  50  days  for  working  days  and  will  start  in  July  to October 2024. The consultant will be located at MoSVY or outside based on circumstances.

Task

Timeframe

Delivery

Submit         an     inception      report     as     above

described,         including     a     work     plan     for

assessment of develop a knowledge paper on

situation of children affected by migration to

inform the MoU drafting content of Cross

Border Collaboration to Protection Children

affected  by  Migration  and  key  actions  to

strengthen   the   sustainable   repatriation   of

children from Thailand and existed Primero

case  management   that  is  already   covered

children affected by migration

July 2024

Inception report approved by Department of Child Protection and UNICEF

Undertake data collection including a review

existing research papers, studies and legal

documents and engagement of critical

stakeholders potentially from both Cambodia

and Thailand to better understand the

experience of children affected by cross

border migration.

July- August 2024

Inception report of develop a knowledge paper to inform the MoU drafting content of Cross Border Collaboration to Protection Children affected by Migration and key actions to strengthen the sustainable repatriation of children from Thailand and existed Primero case management that is already covered children affected by migration

Develop 1st draft report of a knowledge

paper

August-2024

1st draft of Reviewing Report

Support Department of Child Protection, to

organize the meeting to review and provide

August 2024

Stakeholders provide input to the first draft of the report of a knowledge paper

input for first draft of a knowledge paper on situation of children affected by migration

 

 

Develop 2nd  draft of a knowledge paper on

situation of children affected by migration

September 2024

2nd  draft of the report submitted to MoSVY

Support Department of Child Protection, to

organize the meeting to review the report of

a knowledge paper

September 2024

Stakeholders provide input to the report of a knowledge paper

Develop Final draft of the report of a

knowledge paper for TWG, MoSVY and

UNICEF for final review

October-2024

Finalized knowledge paper and submit to MoSVY and UNICEF for endorsement

VI.    REQUIRED QUALIFICATION AND EXPERIENCE
Master’s degree in law, international relations, child protection or relevant field with Minimum five years of experience in child rights in particular child protection, child migration/child on the move.
Experiences in working with cross border, Inter-Ministerial, developing agreement and MoU, UN agencies and Government counterparts.
Familiarity with international and national child protection standards, equity, gender, and human rights
Strong analytical skills
Understand the child Protection, social affairs, and social welfare.
Excellent management, interpersonal, planning and coordination skills
Excellent proficiency in English communications and writing skills.

VII.    PAYMENT SCHEDULE
The payment following the procedure of finance support from UNICEF and payments will be as follows:

Deliverables

Payment (including business travel fee) be directly linked with satisfactory deliverables

Reporting requirement for each deliverable

 

 

 

Submission of inception report, including work plan

20 % of total consultancy

Inception report with workplan

Submission of first and second drafts

30% of total consultancy

First and second Report

Complete Final draft of the report

50% of total consultancy

Report of Final of the report


VIII.    MANAGEMENT AND COORDINATION
The  consultant  will  work  in  close  collaboration  with  the  Department  of  Child  Protection,  TWG  and UNICEF. The consultant will report to the Director of Department of Child Protection.

Interested qualified candidates are invited to send your CV to sovansideth@gmail.com

Please mention "www.Cambodiajobs.Biz" where you saw the ad when you apply!

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Cambodia Jobs: Position: Consultancy to develop a knowledge paper on situation of children affected by migration to inform the Inter-ministerial TWG to develop the MoU on the Cross Border Collaboration to Protection Children Affected by Migration between Cambodia and Thailand (Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation)__Deadline:25-July
Position: Consultancy to develop a knowledge paper on situation of children affected by migration to inform the Inter-ministerial TWG to develop the MoU on the Cross Border Collaboration to Protection Children Affected by Migration between Cambodia and Thailand (Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation)__Deadline:25-July
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